Although our Line 3 Replacement Program is currently our largest project, Enbridge is equally focused on improving Indigenous engagement across all of our projects and operations in Canada and the U.S., including other Liquid Pipelines as well as in our Gas Transmission and Midstream business, and our Natural Gas Distribution business. Priority areas include cultural knowledge, environmental management, community investment, grievance procedures, workforce cultural awareness and education, and Indigenous employment. Some specific examples of new approaches and practices in each of these areas are provided below.
Enbridge representatives visited Rosetown, and Outlook, Saskatchewan, and Provost, Alberta in advance of Line 3 Replacement Program construction.
Liquid Pipelines, Ontario, Canada
Extensive consultation on cultural protection on our Line 10 Westover Segment Replacement Project in Ontario resulted in the hiring of 15 archeological monitors from local Indigenous communities, who worked collaboratively with archeologists on a significant archeological site and re-routing of the project around two archeological sites. Capacity funding was provided to support additional analysis of reports and findings as well as identifying mitigation measures.
Gas Transmission and Midstream, Northeast U.S.
In support of natural gas projects in the east coast of the U.S., Enbridge proactively engaged four Tribes with ancestral interests along construction rights of way in New York, Connecticut, Rhode Island and Massachusetts. This close coordination involved support for training Tribal youth in the identification and documentation of religious and cultural properties of significance to Tribes, which helped foster learning and enhanced awareness among Enbridge employees and contractors on Tribal history and culture.
Liquid Pipelines, Northwest Territories, Canada
In early 2018, Enbridge entered into an Environmental Management Agreement (EMA) with five First Nations on the Line 21 Segment Replacement Project in Canada’s Northwest Territories. The EMA establishes a structure and process for addressing their concerns about the replacement project and ongoing operations of Line 21. Among other things, it provides a framework for engagement on monitoring, information sharing and performance evaluation.
Gas Transmission and Midstream, British Columbia
We have two full-time monitors from local Indigenous communities overseeing the impact of two natural gas projects in British Columbia on two endangered caribou herds. The monitors examine the areas around the projects for caribou tracks and other signs, and they ensure that any wildlife trails along the projects’ footprints remain open and accessible for all animals to use. We are also training construction crews on how to work without disturbing a threatened Northern Mountain Caribou herd and are supporting a maternal penning project.
We partner with and support Indigenous communities near our projects and operations on their own priorities for community development. These can include educational and cultural initiatives as well as projects and volunteer activities focused on safety and other aspects of community wellbeing and sustainability. In 2017, we provided more than $1.7 million in community investment support to Indigenous communities in Canada and the U.S. Some examples include:
Members of the Louis Bull Tribe, in central Alberta, and fellow graduates of the Iron & Earth solar skill program install solar panels on the roof of a community daycare facility in October 2017. Iron & Earth hopes to upskill 1,000 oil, gas and coal workers, as well as Indigenous community members, as solar specialists through hands-on installations.
All Business Units
As part of our consultation and engagement processes, we respond to community concerns through direct communication and management systems that ensure any concerns identified are documented, tracked and addressed. In some cases, we enter into formal project agreements with specific communities to provide extra assurances regarding cultural and environmental protection or community participation in construction, maintenance and monitoring activities. In cases where concerns pertain to the cumulative effects of development, we provide information about the steps we have taken to minimize these effects, such as following an existing right of way. We share our environmental protection plans and incorporate appropriate mitigation measures. Where appropriate, we escalate engagement to include other subject matter experts as well as additional senior leadership within Enbridge. When these steps do not resolve the concerns, we meet with the community to discuss additional actions that we could take, including mediation and negotiation.
All Business Units
Enbridge provides our employees and contractors with cultural awareness training to support our commitment to fostering an understanding of the history, traditions, rights and cultures of Indigenous Peoples. Through the training, we strive to build the capacity of our employees and contractors to better communicate and engage with local Indigenous Peoples, and to acquire the tools necessary to build trusted and respectful relationships. In 2017, over 450 employees and contractors received this training in five of our operating regions in Canada and the U.S. We will increase this number in 2018 and will develop online awareness training.
We are also committed to the goal of increasing Indigenous employment at Enbridge to ensure that our demographics are representative of the demographics of the regions in which we operate. We have a working group of Indigenous and other interested employees that support educational initiatives aimed at supporting a workplace culture that is inclusive.
All Business Units
Enbridge works with Indigenous Nations and groups, local schools, governments, non profits and our contracting workforce to help provide opportunities for the development of transferrable skills. This includes initiatives that provide training in career development, safety, employment readiness and construction-specific trades to Indigenous communities located near our projects and operations. In 2017, we also supported training for an innovation project involving solar panel installation on a community daycare facility in partnership with Iron & Earth.